Are you aware of the danger signs of sleep apnea?

If you are accustomed to snoring during sleep at night, it may be due to a condition called sleep apnea.

Obstructive sleep apnea sufferers have frequent shortness of breath during sleep, which increases the risk of snoring as well as various medical complications.

But what are the danger signs ?

Snoring is usually the result of sleep apnea, but sometimes it is also the result of nasal congestion or some other reason.

According to experts, there is no need to worry about snoring, but when they are loud, caused by snoring or shortness of breath, then sleep apnea can be the result.

An estimated 930 million people worldwide suffer from sleep apnea, and the majority are undiagnosed.

In obstructive sleep apnea unlike central sleep apnea, the brain instructs the body not to breathe.

This problem occurs when the airways become blocked due to weak, heavy or quiet soft tissues.

According to experts, you can’t breathe because of obstruction in the upper respiratory tract, often people don’t even know it, but it is a very, very scary experience for those who see such people.

If left untreated, it can increase the risk of high blood pressure, pre-existing diseases, type 2 diabetes or depression and even death.

Snoring is a major symptom of this condition and according to experts, if their voice is very loud in which people stop talking or can be heard even through closed doors, it can be an alarm bell.

Feelings of extreme fatigue during the day indicate poor sleep and are accompanied by signs of sleep apnea.

Feeling drowsy during the day is also a sign of sleep apnea, just like falling asleep suddenly while doing anything is a sign of sleep apnea.

Most people do not know that they snore at night nor do they know how to hold their breath, except when the process of holding their breath is the worst.

So medical experts say that apnea means no flow of air, no air enters or leaves the body, the observation of such a sign is an alarm bell.

Family members  can help you identify sleep apnea.

Blood pressure
Obstructive sleep apnea can lead to high blood pressure, each time a person’s breathing stops for a few seconds during sleep, the body’s nervous system is activated and blood pressure rises.

The body also releases stress hormones, which in turn raises blood pressure.

By the way, blood pressure is not a sign of any sleep disorder in itself, but it can be a sign of danger when other significant symptoms also appear.

Fortunately, sleep apnea treatment also lowers blood pressure.

Physical weight
Obesity sleep apnea cases are more common in people who are obese, due to which excess weight in the mouth, tongue and throat damages the soft tissues and makes it more difficult to breathe easily without snoring.

Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness.

Muscles begin to weaken with age, including the soft tissues of the throat. Being over 50 is also a sign that your snoring may be the result or cause of sleep apnea.

However, in older people the severity of the disease is often milder and serious cases are more common in younger people.

Larger neck circumference also indicates the possibility of sleep apnea.

If the collar size of men is more than 17 inches and that of women is more than 16 inches, then their risk of this disease is higher.

If you are a man, you may have a higher risk of obesity sleep apnea than women.

This is because the tongue of men is thicker and they have more body fat especially around the neck.

Men also have a higher rate of bloating than women, which makes it difficult to breathe during sleep.



3rd Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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