Prostate – causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of prostate diseases

prostate cancer

Men in their mature years are most commonly affected by diseases of the prostate, which is a gland. It can be dangerous to ignore even a mild prostate condition because the bothersome symptoms quickly get worse.

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Prostate—what is it?

BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia, is the most prevalent prostate condition that impairs male sexual activity. It affects half of all men over the age of 60. It is caused by the growth of glandular cells in the prostate, which put pressure on the urinary tract and make it hard to urinate.

A malignant tumor called PCa, which develops in the prostate much less frequently. Although scientists categorize benign prostatic hyperplasia as a benign tumor because prostate cells can divide indefinitely, the term “benign prostatic hyperplasia” indicates that it is not a malignant cancer.

Prostate: symptoms of prostate diseases

A man in his fifties is likely experiencing the first uncomfortable signs of BPH if he has been getting up at least twice or three times a night to urinate over the past few months. The urge to urinate urgently, even if only a few drops are passed afterward, and urine leakage from the urethra, which necessitates frequent changes of underwear, are other, equally unpleasant prostate symptoms.

Patients with prostate diseases must plan their routes, making several stops at gas stations or public restrooms on the way to work, for example. Men often hold back because they are worried about what will happen to other activities where the penis plays a major role if there are issues with such a minor activity as urinating.

Thankfully, prostate enlargement by itself does not significantly obstruct sexual activity. However, it is important to keep in mind that the seminal fluid, which contains sperm and other substances that allow for proper lubrication and technically facilitate sexual intercourse, is produced in the prostate and seminal vesicles. Although the man’s sexual performance (i.e., his ability to get an erection) is still preserved, any disruption in the production of these compounds may (though it need not) cause discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Prostate: treatment of prostate diseases

Untreated benign hyperplasia causes the urinary tract to completely close off due to prostate compression, which is extremely painful and necessitates catheterization to remove built-up urine. Additionally, as urine returns to the ureters, it puts more pressure on the renal pelvis, eventually causing permanent changes to the kidneys.

Do not wait too long to begin prostate treatment; pharmacotherapy, which is effective in the early and intermediate stages of the disease, should be used as soon as possible. It must be noted, however, that it occasionally occurs that the body becomes accustomed to the medications given, and when they stop working, a prostatectomy—a procedure to remove the prostate—becomes necessary.


3rd Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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