What are the effects of excessive use of sugar on the body?

The use of sugar is common in the present era, but the presence of too much of it in the diet increases the risk of various diseases.

Natural sugars are present in various foods such as fruits, vegetables, milk or products and commodities made from it, our digestive system digests this natural sweetness slowly so that the body can provide continuous energy.

In comparison, sugar goes into the body and is digested immediately, which increases the blood sugar level very quickly.

It should be noted that our body does not need artificial sweeteners for its functions.

How much is too much?

According to the American Heart Association, women should avoid consuming more than 25 grams (6 teaspoons) of sugar throughout the day, while men should avoid consuming more than 36 grams (9 teaspoons).

But most people make a lot of sugar part of the body through food, like a soft drink contains 10 teaspoons of sugar.

The amount of sugar in soft drinks is very high and drinking just one soft drink daily also increases body weight. Increasing body weight increases the risk of various diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

A medical study has found that excessive consumption of sugar doubles the risk of death from heart disease.

The reason for this is not clear, but experts believe that eating more sweet increases blood pressure levels or increases the amount of fat in the blood, both of which are factors that increase the risk of heart attack, stroke and other heart diseases.

Excessive consumption of sweetened beverages increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

The sugar that goes into the body from these drinks remains present in the blood and the body starts making small amounts of a hormone called insulin or it has negative effects on its functions.

This hormone converts the diet into physical energy, when it does not work, blood sugar levels increase and the risk of diabetes type 2 increases.

It is said that excessive use of salt can lead to high blood pressure, but according to medical experts, excessive use of sugar can also lead to this.

According to experts, excessive use of sugar increases the amount of insulin in the body, as a result of which the flexibility of the blood vessels is affected and blood pressure increases.

Similarly, the amount of fat in the blood also increases and both of them affect heart health.

Liver diseases convert sugar present in sweet drinks or fast food into fat in our liver.

If you use sugar products daily, the amount of fat that climbs on the liver gradually increases which can be fatal.

Dental problems

Eating too sweet also affects teeth.

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Sugar proves to be a food for the bacteria in our mouth, which increases the risk of various diseases.

Sweet drinks, toffees and dried fruits increase acidity in the mouth, which affects the surface of the teeth.

Sleep is also affected

Excessive use of sugar increases blood glucose levels, due to which drowsiness can occur during the day, while sleep in the evening is blown away from the eyes.

Excessive sugar consumption can also reduce the duration of deep sleep, which affects the quality of sleep.

Negative effects on mood

The habit of eating more sweet also has negative effects on mood.

Several research reports have proven the link between excessive sugar consumption and mental illness.

According to a study, people who eat more sugar are 23 percent more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety or depression.

Similarly, eating too much sugar is also common to complain of irritability.

Joint pain

Eating too much sugar increases the amount of uric acid in the blood, which can result in joint pain.

Kidney stones

The use of more sugar also increases the risk of kidney stones.

Excessive consumption of sugar causes premature aging

Sweetened beverages damages DNA which can lead to signs of premature aging.

A study found that people who drink a soft drink throughout the day have a higher risk of premature aging, while wrinkles may also appear on the face.


Author: DoctorMaryam.org

3rd Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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