Abdominal and inguinal hernias are life-threatening, so it is better to prevent them.

A hernia slowly grows and initially may not show any symptoms. As an inguinal hernia gets worse, the symptoms get worse as well. Although the initial symptoms may be hazy, as they get worse, they become more distinct. It is better to prevent abdominal and inguinal hernias because they are both potentially fatal.

Hernia can be life threatening
Photo by Zakir Rushanly on Pexels.com

What is a hernia?

When an organ or fatty tissue pushes through a tear or weak area in the surrounding fascia, a muscle or connective tissue, the disease is known as a hernia. The inguinal, umbilical, abdominal, femoral, and surgical hernias are the most prevalent forms.

We can distinguish between a hernial sac, canal, and gate in a hernia. An opening in the integument known as a hernia port allows the contents of the abdominal cavity to exit. The hernial sac, which is produced by the peritoneum and houses the contents of the hernia, is connected to the abdominal cavity under the skin through the hernial canal.

Types of hernia

Each type of hernia develops as a result of pressure and muscle tissue weakness. There are various forms of hernias depending on where it is located. Internal and exterior hernias should be distinguished from one another. Internal hernias cause the displacement of organs into the nearby bodily cavity. In contrast, an external hernia occurs when the displaced organ lies beneath the skin. Hernias can also be classified as congenital or acquired.

A protrusion in the groin or scrotum associated with a hernia may hurt or burn. A sudden bulge can happen after lifting weights, coughing, bending, or laughing, or it can happen over the course of weeks or even months.

Inguinal hernia

Up to 75% of cases of abdominal hernias are inguinal hernias, which are the most frequent type. every hernia. When a section of intestine slips through the muscles of the lower abdomen and into the groin region, an abdominal hernia develops. It’s important to distinguish between straight and oblique hernias while dealing with inguinal hernias.

An apparent protuberance of the abdominal wall is the main and most obvious sign of an inguinal hernia. With effort or coughing, the bulge grows. This region can occasionally experience pain that spreads to the testicles. Inguinal hernias might hurt, yet they can also feel completely painless. The perineum region may also enlarge and feel heavy as additional symptoms. When you lie down, these symptoms might go away.

Vomiting and nausea are signs of an inguinal hernia, both of which may be accompanied by pain. Sometimes the hernia gets stuck, which is a big problem because it causes the wall of the intestine that is stuck to die or blocks the digestive tract.

If this occurs, emergency surgery is required, and occasionally the surgeon is compelled to remove a portion of the ischemic intestine. A hernia that is left untreated grows over time, lowers the patient’s quality of life, and occasionally results in disability.

Femoral hernia

Organs from the abdominal cavity can pass through the femoral canal and into the groin in the event of a femoral hernia. Your groin and upper leg may be always uncomfortable if you have a femoral hernia. It is best to see a doctor if you think you have a femoral hernia because it can get imprisoned and cause death.

Nerve tube hernia

Neural tube hernia is part of a whole set of neural tube defects that appear at a very early stage of fetal development. In the case of neural tube hernias, a distinction should be made between:

Cerebral hernias – this type of hernia is the cause of mental retardation . Cerebral hernias mean that brain tissue protrudes outside the skull due to bone loss.

Spinal cord hernias – this type of hernia is a congenital defect of the spine. Spinal cord hernias are caused by the underdevelopment of the vertebrae that protect the spinal cord.


Author: DoctorMaryam.org

3rd Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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