Diabetes: How important are metabolism and schedules?

According to a diabetes study, eating at night increases the blood sugar index. Doctors advise, which takes into account your age and metabolism, is as follows:

Eating after midnight is unhealthy. Several experts had already stated this, but a new study demonstrates how nighttime meals can hasten the development of diabetes because they encourage the rise in blood sugar levels. The passing of the years and metabolism are also things to consider.

Two groups of young people, without specific pathologies, followed an identical diet for two weeks, but the second group ate at night, resulting in a marked increase in blood sugar levels.

Why is eating at night bad for you?

The problem of nutrition and food intake timing is complex, but there are biorhythms that must be respected. People who don’t do this can have their metabolism change, which can lead to diabetes. This is due to the action of insulin, which allows the passage of sugars from the blood to the tissues, which use them as energy. If this step is not taken, blood sugar rises, leading to diabetes.

What can you do to avoid nocturnal glycemic peaks?

The most important details are that night workers and those with nocturnal bulimic crises should try to have a substantial breakfast in the morning and then let a suitable number of hours pass before eating again. The restriction should be between 30-50% of the calorie content, keeping macro-foods such as vitamins unchanged, and that the Mediterranean diet has been more effective than other “life-extending” diets.

“Fault” of the metabolism

The action of insulin in the onset of diabetes is linked to metabolism, which changes according to the hours of the day and night, but also to age. Insulin resistance in the morning is linked to the need to get up and go hunting, while in the evening and at night some “counter-regulatory” hormones are more active, increasing blood sugar.

How important is age?

The latest research found that after the age of 60/65 there is a progressive increase in blood sugar, especially in the morning. This is due to the decrease in muscle mass and the progressive “deterioration” of the cells responsible for the action of insulin. To maintain a muscular state, simple daily actions such as taking the dog out or taking a walk can help to keep weight under control.

The importance of meals at regular times

Regular and balanced meals are important for all ages, both in timing and quantity. It is important to respect the biorhythm, but also the quality of what you eat. Carbohydrates must be low glycemic index, proteins must be present, but not in excessive quantities, and fats should be monounsaturated. Small transgressions are allowed, as too rigid diets can lead to an excessive decrease in muscle mass.


Author: DoctorMaryam.org

3rd Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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