This is the first time that researchers have found a connection between type 2 diabetes and lung complications like pneumonia.
The University of Surrey and Imperial College London study examined data from 17 research reports on over 500,000 people. Along with this, smoking and other factors affecting lung health were taken into account.
The findings revealed that increasing blood sugar levels in diabetic patients has a direct impact on lung function. According to studies, a 20% increase in blood sugar levels reduces lung capacity and function.
According to the researchers, this is the first evidence that type 2 diabetes directly damages the lungs.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or fails to use insulin properly.
This results in dangerously high blood sugar levels that, over time, lead to organ damage.
The risk of heart disease, vision loss, nerve and organ damage, and other complications increases if blood sugar levels are not controlled.
But until now, it was not clear whether the disease directly damaged the lungs or not.
The researchers said that the study found the first evidence of lung damage from type 2 diabetes.
“The findings highlight the seriousness of type 2 diabetes, which is why people, whether they have diabetes or not, should keep their blood sugar levels under control,” he said.
The findings of the study were presented at the Diabetes UK Professional Conference in 2023.