9 most important blood tests for monitoring diabetes

Diabetes can be a difficult disease to live with, but it does not have to be difficult. To keep sugar in check, it is important to change lifestyles and pay attention to check-ups.

9 basic blood tests you should do if you have diabetes .

1. HbA1

This is a glycated hemoglobin test (do it twice a year). This test shows your average blood sugar over the last few months.

2. Creatinine

Get your creatinine levels checked once a year. Its elevated level could indicate a problem with the urinary system (poorly controlled diabetes can lead to nephropathy, i.e. kidney damage).

3. Lipidogram

Diabetes has been linked to atherosclerosis. As a result, cholesterol levels must be kept under control. You can accomplish this by performing a lipid profile once a year.

4. Blood pressure

Hypertension is frequently present with diabetes. As a result, frequent blood pressure measurements are required, ideally at each medical check-up.

5. Eye examination

Elevated sugar can damage the retina. Therefore, to prevent vision problems, it is better to have your eyes checked every year.

6. Resting ECG

For people over the age of 35, it is worthwhile to have them done once a year (once every 2 years for people over 35). The doctor orders this test to ensure that the patient does not have ischemic heart disease, which can develop alongside diabetes.

It allows you to check blood flow, which may be difficult due to damage to the vessels by sugar . It is worth doing it once every two years in people over 35 years of age.

8. Neurological examination with the assessment of vibration sensation

Do them once or twice a year. It reflects the function of peripheral nerves (these can be damaged by diabetes).

9. Feet examination

Diabetic foot syndrome is frequently associated with diabetes. As a result, during each visit, it is necessary to check the legs for any wounds or scratches that could indicate the onset of the disease.

Don’t give in to diabetes – learn more!


Author: DoctorMaryam.org

4th Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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