Urine test: results + description of 15 parameters of the general urine test – Diagnostics

A urine test can detect or confirm many diseases, such as liver and kidney problems. To collect urine for the study, you need to wash your hands and intimate zones.

What is a urine test?

This is one of the basic and simplest laboratory tests that allows you to assess the patient’s state of health. We should do them routinely once a year.

To urinate for analysis, it is enough to give its sample collected in the morning after waking up to a special sterile container. Such a cup can be purchased at the pharmacy. The result can be picked up the next day.

A general urine test is an analytical test performed using dedicated strip tests and, if necessary, verified by microscopic examination of urine sediment. This test identifies the presence of specific chemical components (e.g. protein, glucose, ketone bodies) and morphotic (e.g. erythrocytes, leukocytes and inorganic crystals, and even bacteria).

When is the urine test done?

Urinalysis provides important information about the patient’s health. It allows, m.in, to assess the predisposition to the formation of stones, facilitates the diagnosis of liver or kidney diseases, and is also part of the diagnosis of diabetes, pancreatitis and jaundice.

Urine testing is relatively cheap, and gives the opportunity to detect changes associated with kidney and urinary tract diseases (e.g. infection, proteinuria, urolithiasis), as well as systemic diseases, such as diabetes, and even some cancer diseases (e.g. multiple myeloma

Urine testing should also be performed in the case of suspected urinary tract infection, as well as when monitoring the effectiveness of treatment of hypertension, liver or kidney diseases (what diseases the urine test detects).

Urine is best collected after a night rest and washing the intimate zone into a suitable container (preferably obtained in the laboratory or bought at a pharmacy). On the day and night before the test, m.in physical exertion, overheating and hypothermia as well as sexual intercourse should be avoided. Urine should be transferred to the laboratory as soon as possible after collection and protected against overheating and exposure to the sun.


Author: DoctorMaryam.org

4th Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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