Symptoms, types, causes, and treatments of colorectal polyps

Colon polyps are bits of colon or rectum lining that stick out into the intestine. They are the most common tumors of this organ that are not harmful. They are found in 20% to 40% of people who have a colonoscopy. Some types of colorectal polyps, on the other hand, are more likely to turn into colorectal cancer.

Colorectal polyps: signs and symptoms

A lot of colorectal polyps don’t cause any symptoms. They are found by accident during a colonoscopy that was done for another reason. This is especially true for lesions that are less than 1 cm in diameter. Symptoms can sometimes be linked to the presence of polyps. Come from them:

  • constipation  or diarrhea
  • bleeding while passing stool 
  • rectal bleeding,
  • stool pressure,
  • pain in the lower abdomen (resembling menstrual pain),
  • bloating , 
  • mucus in the stool,
  • nausea, 
  • anemia ,
  • feeling of incomplete defecation.

Some of the symptoms listed are also seen in colorectal cancer, so it’s important to see your doctor if you notice them.

Causes of colon polyps

 Colorectal polyps have not yet been linked to a clear cause. There is a good chance that they cause inflammation in the intestines. This kind of polyp can also be passed down from parent to child.

There are also certain factors that increase the likelihood of colon polyps. This: 

  • overweight , 
  • age over 50, 
  • cigarette addiction,
  • alcohol abuse, 
  • sedentary lifestyle .

Diagnosis of colorectal polyps

Colonoscopy is a screening test for colorectal cancer and precancerous changes such as adenomatous polyps. It is performed under local or general anesthesia and involves inserting a flexible speculum (endoscope) into the anus. It should be performed in people over 50 and those with a family history of bowel cancer 10 years earlier than a case of cancer in a relative.

Treatment of colon polyps

When a doctor finds polyps in the large intestine, they usually decide to get rid of them. It is the safest way to treat the disease. Lesions that are smaller can be removed during an endoscopy procedure called polypectomy. Lesions that are bigger need surgery.

The removed polyps are put through a process called histopathology, which checks to see if the change is cancerous. Usually, you have to wait about two to three weeks to find out the results. After polyps are taken out, it’s important to remember to get regular checkups. Every two to three years, the person should check on the health of the large intestine. After polyps are removed, it’s important to eat right. It should have fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and dairy products that are low in fat. People should avoid eating fatty, heavy meals that take too long to break down. Limiting alcohol use is also important, and people who are addicted to nicotine should think about quitting.



4th Professional Medical Student. Karachi Medical and Dental College.

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