Infections have become stronger due to excessive or misuse of antibiotics: WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that in the year 2020, the misuse or excessive use of antibiotics around the world has revealed the strength of bacteria, which has further strengthened the infections.

According to the latest report released by the World Health Organization, data obtained from 87 countries of the world has shown that the misuse or overuse of antibiotics increased infections, which worsened diseases.

read more at Bloggers Zone


5 million people died due to ineffectiveness of antibiotics in a year, health experts

Speaking at a seminar in Karachi, international experts said that five million people died in 2019 due to ineffectiveness of antibiotics.


Professor Zeba Haq, principal of Dow International Medical College, has said that there is a need to set up a committee at the national level to formulate guidelines on the lines of the American Heart Association (AHA). Most countries in the world have reduced their mortality rates by following AHA guidelines. Dow University has prepared proposals for formulating Pakistani guidelines, he said


Karachi: A seminar titled ‘Prophylaxis’ was held at Dow University Ojha campus in Karachi.


The seminar was also addressed by Prof Zeba Haq, Principal, Dow International Medical College and other domestic and foreign health experts.


Addressing the seminar, Dr. Zeba Haq said that there is a need to be careful in the use of antibiotic (disinfectant) medicines and legislation should be made to prevent their unnecessary, unnecessary and excessive use.


Dr. Zeba Haq said that there is a need to set up a committee at the national level to formulate guidelines on the lines of the American Heart Association (AHA). Most countries in the world have reduced their mortality rates by following AHA guidelines.


Dr Taner Yıldız, who came from the Netherlands, said that in 2019, five million people lost their lives due to the ineffectiveness of pesticides. This is an international issue. That is why there are strict guidelines for the use of antibiotic medicines in the Netherlands, which are updated from time to time, disinfectants are not used in minor procedures and surgery.


Assistant Professor Cardiology Dr Hashim Nadeem while addressing the seminar said that due to unnecessary, unnecessary and abundance of medicines, their effectiveness is decreasing. Their use should be minimized due to resistance to antibiotics and its risks.


Dr Shamim Bahram, Consultant Infectious Diseases, Indus Hospital, said in his address that the germs should be detected by better diagnosing the patients, after which the medicine should be prescribed accordingly.


While addressing the seminar, other experts said that patients with common heart diseases do not need antibiotics in infection, but patients with complex heart diseases should be given effective antibiotics according to the need.

Samaa News Urdu 

Use of antibiotics in infants causes future stomach problems

Early exposure to antibiotics has been linked to future issues with the digestive system, according to a study.

Regular antibiotic administration helps prevent infections that could put preterm and underweight babies at danger.

In a recent study that was published in the Journal of Physiology, scientists fed antibiotics to mice as they were being investigated.

According to the study, giving antibiotics to newborn mice had long-lasting consequences on their microbiota as well as on the largely autonomous parts of their neurological and digestive systems.

This could imply that giving youngsters antibiotics could eventually result in more stomach issues.

The University of Melbourne’s Department of Anatomy and Physiology led the first study in which antibiotics given to newborn rats had long-lasting effects that led to a breakdown of their stomach systems, increasing the speed at which food travelled from their mouth to their stomach at older ages and exhibiting symptoms of cholera.

For the first 10 days, the research team gave the newborn mice a daily dose of vancomycin. Following this, their growth continued normally until they were young, at which point the tissue of their abdomen was inspected to determine the structure, system, bacteria, and nervous system present.

In their study, researchers discovered that the sex of the mice also affected these alterations. Both sexes produced distinct wastes. However, both of them exhibited excessive water content in their excrement, a cholera-like indication.

The effects of antibiotics on the stomach will be the subject of additional research by the scientists.

10 facts about antibiotics. What you need to know to take them properly?

Photo by Pietro Jeng on

Poor intake of antibiotics causes the growth of drug-resistant bacteria
It is not without reason that when prescribing an antibiotic, the doctor gives us the entire list of doses and hours to take the drugs. Often, patients who want to speed up recovery decide to discontinue the drug, increase the dose without the doctor’s knowledge or take it in wrong doses than it was prescribed – too much or too little. One thing is for sure, it is wrong. This should not be done. The concentration of the drug in the body is then insufficient, and the bacteria survive and can therefore acquire immunity.

Do not drink grapefruit juice during antibiotic treatment
Grapefruit juice interacts with some medications and interferes with their action, so all medications (including antibiotics, of course) are best washed down with boiled water.

Prebiotics should be taken during antibiotic treatment
During the treatment, antibiotics fight both pathogenic and beneficial bacteria. This can lead to antibiotic-induced diarrhea (up to 40% of children treated with antibiotics have it).

However, it is easily preventable. For this purpose, it is worth stocking up on products rich in live bacteria cultures, such as:

  • Soured milk
  • Ready-made preparations purchased at a pharmac
    We should remember to take prebiotics also after finishing antibiotic therapy

Personal hygiene protects against bacteria
It should become a habit for everyone to wash their hands . We wash our hands after returning home, after using the toilet and in many other cases. This activity has a proven antibacterial effect and prevents the development of resistance to antibiotics.

Bacteria pass on antibiotic resistance to each other
Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics. It can happen as a result of changes in the bacterial cell itself or it can be delivered as a gift from other microbes . Moreover, this immunity is permanent and hereditary. It can be passed on to other strains of the same or a different species of bacteria.

Antibiotics reduce the effect of birth control pills
Women taking hormonal contraception must remember that their contraception is impaired when taking antibiotics .

It all happens because of the active substance of contraceptive pills, which need to be activated by intestinal bacteria and are largely destroyed by antibiotics.
Both antibiotics and hormonal contraceptives are metabolized in the liver, which may interfere with each other’s effects.

Antibiotics should not be overused
Remember that antibiotics are not administered to the virus. Prophylactic prescription of an antibiotic in the event of a viral disease is not a good solution. Not every disease qualifies for antibiotic treatment.

Since viruses are not treated with antibiotics, they will not do any good, but will do harm.
They can sterilize the gut flora and destroy the ” good bacteria “, which could result in an actual bacterial infection in the future.

Antibiotics should not be taken with milk, yogurt or kefir
The calcium contained in dairy products may inhibit the action of some antibiotics (e.g. tetracyclines).
In turn, drinks containing caffeine (coffee, tea, cola) have a negative effect on the absorption of drugs.
The best solution for taking them orally is to drink them only with water.

We take antibiotics at the same or similar times
The effectiveness of an antibiotic depends on the appropriate concentration in the tissues, which must be maintained for a certain period of time, therefore it is very important to take antibiotics at regular, well-defined intervals.

If the antibiotic is to be administered three or four times a day (i.e. every 8 or six hours, respectively), the day should be divided accordingly, including day and night.

Stopping the drug prematurely, when we are feeling well, is also not good. This may encourage the bacteria to become resistant to the antibiotic and will not kill the bacteria that caused the infection. As a result, a repeated illness may occur.

We do not drink alcohol while taking antibiotics
You should not drink alcohol while taking any medications, let alone antibiotics.

The combination of an antibiotic and alcohol can cause severe side effects:

Alcohol weakens the action of most antibiotics and weakens the entire body, and therefore we recover more slowly.

%d bloggers like this: