Blood sugar level in the elderly – norms and pathologies

Normal blood sugar levels for the elderly may be slightly higher than those of middle-aged individuals. On an empty stomach, it should not exceed 140 mg/dl, while 180 mg/dl is acceptable after a meal. With what does it have to do? What is the normal blood glucose level for a 70-year-old or a slightly younger senior?

Diabetes in older people
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How can elderly patients with abnormal blood sugar levels be treated?

After age 60, the blood sugar level in the elderly should be between 70 and 99 mg/dl on an empty stomach. The normal upper limit after a meal should not exceed 160-180 mg/dL. In older individuals, the range may be expanded. This indicates that the normal limits are slightly different for older patients (140 mg/dl after a meal) than for younger patients. Why?

Doctors estimate that up to 30% of individuals develop blood sugar disorders after the age of 65. This is due to the body’s natural ageing processes, increased tissue resistance to insulin, and diminished insulin secretion. In addition, the elderly are frequently ill, suffer from heart attacks and strokes, and are frequently prescribed medication for chronic diseases. These can also impact glucose levels. Looking for medications for diabetes? Utilize ChopaLek.pl to determine which pharmacy has the necessary medication in stock. Reserve it online and pay at the pharmacy. Do not waste your time running between pharmacies.

Diabetes may manifest differently in older patients than in younger patients, delaying proper diagnosis. However, typical hyperglycemia symptoms include:

  • drowsiness _
  • increased thirst
  • dry mouth ,
  • more frequent urination ,
  • sour-smelling breath
  • Headache,
  • recurrent infections (mainly of the urinary tract), fungal infections,
  • nausea, vomiting ,
  • memory deterioration ,
  • deterioration of well-being ,
  • sight problems,
  • sleep disorders .

When is hyperglycemia in the elderly dangerous? Long-term hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia can result in a diabetic coma, which poses an immediate threat to life. What level of sugar is life-threatening? A rise above 400 mg/dL and a drop below 20 mg/dL for glucose.

Too low blood sugar in the elderly

Too low blood sugar, i.e. hypoglycemia , is also unfavorable . Its symptoms are

  • weariness,
  • feeling confused
  • difficulty concentrating ,
  • heavy sweating ,
  • dizziness ,
  • strong feeling of hunger,
  • headaches ,
  • pallor of the skin ,
  • limb tremors,
  • sudden mood swings

Almost every second senior suffers from abnormal glucose levels. Diabetic disorder is a condition in which the pancreas is unable to effectively produce insulin , the natural regulator of blood sugar. There are two main types of diabetes:

type I diabetes (insulin-dependent) – diagnosed mainly in children and young people

Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in the elderly. In their case, high blood sugar is not due to a lack of insulin, but to its improper action.

The prevalence of diabetes in people over the age of 65 reaches 40%, and the peak incidence of type 2 occurs around the age of 60. There are several risk factors that favor the development of diabetes. This:

  • overweight or obese ,
  • hypertension and other diseases of the cardiovascular system,
  • high cholesterol ,
  • lack of physical activity,
  • inadequate diet,
  • diabetes in the immediate family.

Controlling blood glucose and managing diabetes is important. A neglected and neglected disease can lead to many complications , such as: ischemic disease of the lower limbs, stroke, kidney damage, retinopathy , nerve damage, ketoacidosis , and even coma .

Which body parts indicate high blood sugar?

The number of patients suffering from high blood sugar i.e. diabetes is increasing, eating too much sweet and staying away from a healthy lifestyle including mental stress leads to diabetes.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, then there are some parts of the body that indicate that you have high blood sugar, which experts say to keep an eye on.

Eyes

The high blood sugar ratio in the body affects the blood vessels present in the retina of the eye, which causes eye problems such as blurred vision, cataract and other problems.

Sugar also affects the retina to such an extent that the patient may also lose his vision.

Feet

Diabetes affects your feet in two ways, the first is through nerve damage that deprives your feet of any kind of feeling, the second is the lack of blood circulation to the feet properly, which also makes it difficult to heal the wounds on the feet.

Kidneys

Kidneys filter toxins and waste from the body, but due to diabetes, this disease damages the blood vessels, which is also known as diabetic nephropathy and its symptoms include inflammation in the feet, lack of normal blood pressure and protein in the stomach.

Nerves

Like the eyes and kidneys, high blood sugar also causes severe damage to the nerves, which is called diabetic neuropathy, its symptoms include numbness of the body, pain and damage to the ability to feel temperature, tingling or burning sensation.

Heart Problems

A person suffering from high blood sugar is always at risk of suffering from stroke and heart problems because sugar affects the blood vessels and increases blood pressure.

High sugar consumption deprives people of vitamins and minerals.

This was discovered in a medical investigation.

Autoimmune disorders can occur in people who ingest excessive amounts of sugar over an extended period of time.

This was discovered in a medical investigation carried out in Germany.

When the immune system attacks the body’s own healthy cells, autoimmune diseases can develop. These complications include type 1 diabetes and persistent inflammation.

The mechanism that underlies autoimmune illnesses has been clarified by research from the Julius Maximilians University of Wurzburg (JMU).

According to research, immune cells require a lot of sugar to function effectively.

The study concentrated on a lesser-known subset of immune system cells.

A crucial part in the inflammatory process was played by a type 17 group of tea helper cells.

Researchers believe that the new finding could influence autoimmune therapy.

The medical journal “Cell Metabolism” reported the study’s findings.

A study from the University of Leuven in Sweden published in March 2020 indicated that excessive sugar consumption could raise the chance of developing diabetes, obesity, coronary heart disease, dental issues, and a host of other illnesses.

The study examined the connection between the nutrients and the usage of sugar in foods and beverages (vitamins and minerals).

Previous studies have demonstrated that people who consume a lot of sugar tend to eat less healthful foods and more fatty and sugary items.

The study examined how much a high sugar diet deprives individuals of vitamins and minerals.

Nutrition and Metabolism, a medical publication, published the study’s findings.

In a previous study, researchers from the University of California, Berkeley discovered that consuming too much sugar is actually a sign of several illnesses that can strike at any time.

According to research, if a person consumes a lot of sugar, it enters the body and is then absorbed in the intestines, where it is then transported to the liver.

Actually, the only organ in the body that can utilise this sugar in a variety of ways is the liver.

Too much sugar, however, causes the liver to lose its ability to use it, leaving it with little alternative except to turn the excess into liver fat.

The study goes on to say that the data demonstrate that the liver’s ability to turn sugar into fat is a sign of the development of insulin resistance.

While the risk of liver illness varies, this condition can proceed to metabolic syndrome, which includes diabetes, high blood pressure, pancreatic issues, troubles in the arteries, cancer, dementia, and heart disease, among other conditions.

According to the study, although 80% of obese adults have one or more metabolic syndromes, just 40% of normal-weight people do.

An earlier study from the University of California in 2016 demonstrated that consuming a small amount of sugar for just nine days can have a significant positive impact on health.

According to research, cutting back on sugar lowers the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, which has been linked to serious illnesses that can be fatal.

According to studies, cutting back on sugar improves liver function, decreases blood pressure, cholesterol, and insulin levels by up to a third.

The volunteers’ diets had the same amounts of fat, protein, carbohydrates, and calories throughout the research, but their sugar intake was lowered from 28% to 10%, and their health rapidly declined.

A break fast that lowers blood sugar

Eating porridge mixed with yogurt can be the best breakfast and prevent diabetes. Photo: File

 International statistics show that diabetes, like the rest of the world, has gripped Pakistan’s vast population. But with this diet for breakfast in the morning, diabetes and pre-existing conditions can be controlled to a great extent.

Dr. Lorraine Harris, a diabetic dietitian, is the author of several books and says that having a balanced diet of fiber, protein and protein is very beneficial for breakfast.

She says that it is very beneficial to eat whole porridge (oatmeal) in protein-rich yogurt for breakfast. This is especially useful for diabetics. Its magical effect keeps blood sugar normal throughout the day. Oatmeal is high in fiber which can be up to 8 grams in a cup.

It is important for the majority of the world to eat 25 to 38 grams of fiber a day. It helps in digestion of sugar and also increases the production of insulin in the body. Thus, fiber intake is very effective in preventing type 2 diabetes.

Eating porridge mixed with yogurt increases the need for protein, which provides energy for breakfast. Peanut butter can also be added, but sugar should be avoided altogether. In addition to beans, walnut butter is also very useful and contains omega-3 fatty acids.

In addition, eating peanuts, almonds, pistachios and walnuts in porridge has good effects. All of these grains contain antioxidants that enhance the effectiveness of insulin.

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What is continuous glucose monitoring?

What is continuous glucose monitoring?

Blood sugar levels are automatically monitored by continuous glucose monitoring both during the day and at night. Your blood sugar level is always visible at a glance. To spot trends, you can also observe how your glucose levels fluctuate over a few hours or days. Your ability to balance your diet, physical activity, and medications throughout the day will improve if you can see your glucose levels in real time.

How does a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) work?

A tiny sensor that is usually inserted under the skin on the belly or arm is how a CGM functions. Your interstitial glucose level, or the glucose present in the fluid between your cells, is measured by the sensor. Every few minutes, the sensor measures the glucose. The data is wirelessly transmitted from a transmitter to a monitor. You might carry the monitor in your pocket or purse as a separate item or as a component of an insulin pump. Some CGMs deliver data directly to a tablet or smartphone. The product guide from the American Diabetes Association lists a number of models that are readily available.

References

Continuous Glucose Monitoring | NIDDK. (2017, June 1). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved December 31, 2022, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/managing-diabetes/continuous-glucose-monitoring

Common habits can lead to conditions like diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and stroke

But are you aware of how the body is impacted by spending 6 to 8 hours a day sitting still?


People spends the majority of their time sitting down during the day.

But are you aware of how the body is impacted by spending 6 to 8 hours a day sitting still?

If you have this habit, be aware that it can lead to a variety of illnesses.
The following are the impacts on the body, and certainly, engaging in some form of physical activity for a few hours each day is the greatest method to prevent them.

According to a Simon Fraser University and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences study published in June 2022, if a person spends more than eight hours a day sitting down, their chance of developing heart disease rises by 20%.

According to earlier studies, persons who spend more time sitting have a double the risk of developing heart disease, having a heart attack, or having a stroke than those who are physically active.

Risk of dying young

Spending more time sitting during the day raises your risk of dying young from any cause.

Spending more time sitting has a negative impact on mental health as well since it increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure, and cholesterol, all of which contribute to mental decline. Sitting for seven hours a day cannot be reversed, not even with seven hours of activity every week.

Sitting in a chair all day raises your risk of developing diabetes, just like it does for any disease.

Although the cause of this is unclear, medical professionals think that increased sitting alters how the body reacts to insulin, which raises blood sugar.
Clots of blood The danger of blood clots in the legs is also increased by prolonged sitting.

The best strategy to prevent this blood clot from developing is to avoid sitting down for an extended period of time.

Do you watch TV more frequently now? Are you having trouble using social media or the internet? If so, you should also be ready for obesity or body weight growth.

Spending more time in front of a screen can also cause anxiety since it interferes with sleep, which in turn heightens mental and physical anxiety and eventually results in an anxiety disorder.

In a similar vein, social anxiety is linked to spending more time in front of the TV and less time with friends and family.

A bad sitting posture that stresses the neck, spine, and waist puts too much pressure on these structures.
The waist suffers when you sit for too long, even on a comfortable chair.

Bone fragility
People who are not more physically active are more likely to develop bone brittleness as they age and become unable to perform simple daily tasks.

Doctors advise engaging in physical activity for a few hours each day to prevent this.

Lung or colon cancer may potentially result from this behavior.
In actuality, the risk increases the more time you spend sitting.

How do you defend?
If you work in an office, get up every 30 minutes and take a short walk. Make exercise a habit at home and take the kids on a walk outside the house.

Sleeping in the light is said to increase your risk of developing diabetes and heart disease.

Know that keeping the lights on while you sleep can cause diabetes and heart disease if you do it because of some underlying anxiety.


Know that keeping the lights on while you sleep can cause diabetes and heart disease if you do it because of some underlying anxiety.

Photo by Artem Podrez on Pexels.com

The discovery was made in a US-based medical investigation.
According to Northwestern University research, moderate light levels in a bedroom during sleep can affect heart and vascular health, which can enhance insulin resistance the following morning.

According to studies, such individuals have worse glycemic and cardiovascular management than those who sleep in the dark.

The autonomic nervous system is activated by even low levels of light, the researchers found, increasing heart rate and lowering insulin sensitivity.
For two nights, the study monitored the heart rates and blood sugar of 20 participants.

Ten of them were forced to sleep in dim light, while the others were permitted to sleep in dim light one night and in a setting with cloud-like lighting the next.

The findings suggest that melatonin, a hormone that aids with sleep, is present in comparable amounts in both groups.

However, those who spent one night in low light had higher insulin resistance and faster heart rates the following morning.

The change in insulin is a substantial physiological alteration that alters the risk of diabetes, but the researchers couldn’t determine how relevant it is medically because we only observed the healthy group for two nights. There is proof that daylight speeds the heart rate, preparing the body for challenges throughout the day.

The researchers concluded that their findings “indicate that a comparable effect may occur with light during nighttime sleep.”

Keep in mind that insulin resistance refers to a condition in which the cells in our muscles, fats, and liver do not respond to insulin as intended and instead utilise the blood glucose for energy.

As a result, the pancreas starts to generate more insulin, which gradually elevates blood sugar levels.

Researchers advise using very dim illumination or keeping the lights off while you sleep to prevent these risks.

For low light, consider red or orange instead of white or blue. An eye mask is also an excellent option.

The medical journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences published the study’s findings.

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