Air pollution affects sperm quality and increases the risk of infertility in men.
This was discovered in a new medical study .
The study, published in the medical journal JAMA Networks, looked at more than 30,000 men from China.
Research has also shown that the smaller the volume of contaminants in the air, the greater the effects on sperm.
Researchers say that small particles in the air can have more negative effects on reproductive health than large particles.
The results show that men of childbearing age should try to avoid air pollution as much as possible.
Medical experts have long been working on the link between air pollution and sperm quality, but it was not clear how much it increases the risk of infertility in men, but research reports show that
But it did indicate that air pollution increases the risk of infertility in both men and women.
The study, conducted by Tongji University School of Medicine in China, examined data from 33,786 men in 340 Chinese cities, with an average age of 34 years.
The rates of air pollution in these cities varied and it was observed that between January 2013 and December 2019, the wives of men became pregnant with the help of reproduction technology.
The sperm quality of the men was then tested in particles of different volumes of air pollution.
Although researchers have been able to find a clear link between air pollution and sperm quality (sperm count or quantity), they must know that the smaller the pollutant particles, the more their quality is affected.
According to researchers, small contaminants may travel deeper into the human lungs, causing more adverse effects.
An earlier medical study in China in February 2021 found that air pollution could significantly increase the risk of infertility in both men and women.
The study, analyzing data from 18,000 pairs in China, found that in areas with high particulate matter pollution rates, the risk of infertility increased by up to 20%.
Research has not been able to determine how air pollution can lead to infertility, but it is already known that polluted particles cause inflammation in the body, which can affect the reproductive system of both men and women.
Infertility affects the lives of millions of couples around the world, but little has been done to address the effects of air pollution.
However, it is already known about polluted air that it increases the risk of various aspects such as premature birth and low birth weight problems.
Chen Lee, who was involved in the study from Peking University’s Center for Reproductive Medicine, said couples should be concerned about air pollution.
About 30% of infertile couples do not know the cause of infertility, he said.
“Age, body weight and smoking are common factors for infertility, but our research shows that even small nighttime air pollution increases the risk,” he said.
If you love to eat red meat, this habit can lead to life-threatening heart disease.
This was revealed in a medical study conducted in the United States.
The Cleveland Clinic study found that fat and cholesterol in red meat are harmful to the arteries of the heart, but bacteria in the stomach also play a role.
The study provided evidence that there is a link between bacteria in the stomach and a compound called TMAO, which increases the risk of heart attack and stroke in people who eat a lot of red meat.
TMAO (or trimethylamine N-oxide) is a metabolite produced by gut bacteria. Briefly, nutrients such as phosphatidylcholine (also known as lecithin), choline, and L-carnitine are abundant in animal-derived products such as red meat, egg yolk and full-fat dairy products.
There are trillions of bacteria in our gut, most of which are harmless but also play a role in health.
These bacteria work to make certain compounds, one of which is TMAO, which is produced by a specific type of bacteria with the help of 3 nutrients which are abundant in red meat and liver.
The study found that high levels of TMAO in the body indicate an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and death.
Research has shown that people who eat a lot of red meat have a 2 to 3 thirds increase in TMAO levels within a month.
But the good news is that this effect can be reversed and research has shown that reducing the amount of red meat in the diet can reduce TMAO levels to a healthy level in 3 to 4 weeks.
“We know that lifestyle factors are very important for the health of coronary arteries and the results provide further evidence that reducing the level of TMAO can reduce the risk of heart disease,” the researchers said.
The results of the study were published in the medical journal Nature Microbiology.
Earlier, in February 2020, a joint study by Northwestern Medicine University and Cornell University in the United States found that consumption of red and processed meat increased the risk of heart disease and death.
Research has found that consuming red meat, processed meat or chicken (not fish) just twice a week can increase the risk of coronary heart disease by 3 to 7%.
Similarly, eating red or processed meat (not chicken or fish) twice a week increases the risk of death from any cause by 3%.
Researchers say that while this may seem like a small difference, reducing the consumption of red meat and processed meat can be beneficial to health, and it has already been shown that eating more red meat causes other medical problems, such as cancer. Can become
He said that precautionary measures in the use of animal protein foods could help reduce the risk of heart disease and premature death.
The study, published in the medical journal JAMA Internal Medicine, found that there was a link between coronary heart disease and death.
He said that fish, seafood and vegetable varieties like protein like nuts and pulses are the best alternatives to meat.
Even though these findings are now only available to older women, walking is the best way to prevent diabetes.
The quantity of walking you need to do to prevent diabetes also varies on your age, gender, and level of exercise. You must start walking more frequently if you aren’t active enough already.
Researchers led by University of California, San Diego’s Alexis Guardiola studied 4,800 women 65 and older for almost seven years.
The older women were given light, soft belts to wear all the time during the first week of the trial. Special monitoring equipment that was attached to the belt kept track of their everyday walking patterns.
Following that, data on their everyday activities, particularly walking and physical activity, was periodically gathered for the following seven years.
Throughout this period, 8% of women developed diabetes, but women who walked a lot were less likely to develop diabetes.
A closer look at the data revealed that walking more than 1,000 steps a day reduced the risk of diabetes by 6%.
“Older adults can lower their chance of developing diabetes by 12% by increasing their daily step count by 2,000. Whether you walk quickly or slowly, it’s vital to develop the habit of moving more quickly than usual “Alexis Guardiola was cited.
It should be noted that the number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly all over the world including Pakistan.
According to the International Diabetes Federation, there are currently 537 million diabetics in the world between the ages of 20 and 79, and that figure is projected to increase to 783 million by the year 2045.
The highest risk of developing diabetes is in the United States, where by 2050, one in three adults will have type 2 diabetes.
“Walking more will not only reduce the risk of diabetes but will also help reduce the cost of medications and other related illnesses,” said John Beltier, an epidemic at the University of California, San Diego. Are pathologists.
The study, published in the latest issue of the research journal “Diabetes Care”, was conducted on women only, but the results are more or less the same for older men.
According to the US Department of Health, 150 minutes of walking or physical activity a week lowers the risk of many chronic diseases other than diabetes.
What Types of Exercises Make the Most Impactful Impact?
A crucial component in the fight against diabetes is exercise. It can help keep your blood sugar levels under control and lessen the chance of complications. However, you must first determine the optimum type of exercise for your condition before you begin.
The ideal form of exercise for diabetics relies on their unique circumstances and way of living. The following exercises are suggested:
Weightlifting: This promotes muscle growth, which raises insulin sensitivity and aids with weight control.
-Cardiovascular training: This includes running, cycling, swimming or walking at a moderate pace for 30 minutes per day on most days of the week.
-Strength training: This includes weight lifting or other strength training exercises like pushups, situps or pull ups
What sort of breakfast is advisable? What errors should not be committed while eating breakfast?
Breakfast is a crucial meal since it has the power to make or break your entire day. One meal in the morning, according to Dana, is preferable to several during the day. A healthy breakfast is said by doctors to shield you from numerous ailments.
Breakfast, as it is known in English, refers to sated appetite from the previous evening. The most important meal of the day is breakfast, so keep that in mind. It’s crucial to lead a healthy life. This is the source of energy that our bodies get from, and it comes from breakfast. As a result, you don’t eat unneeded stuff all day long.
According to research, eating breakfast is directly related to having a healthy physique. The Maghash University team found that skipping breakfast can actually help people consume less calories overall.
Nowadays, breakfast is typically avoided by women, kids, and adults alike. Men don’t think it matters whether it is breakfast or not because they are in a rush to get to the office. Not eating breakfast is a major issue for kids of all ages. They do not want to have breakfast or are in a rush to get to school or college.
Women also require energy because they must work all day. She does, however, also spend the most of her time sipping tea. Even though she feels weak and hungry, she continues to be busy with her activities. She is unaware, though, that skipping breakfast quickly weakens a woman’s bones. Most women also have bone and joint pain, which is primarily caused by skipping breakfast.
The importance of a nutritious breakfast is emphasised by experts. Women in particular benefit from breakfast because it not only keeps them healthy but also makes them look more beautiful. On an empty stomach, glucose levels cannot be measured overnight. The performance of the day is impacted when a person gets up in the morning and does not receive the necessary amount of glucose. The body’s organs are impacted by it.
According to current American College of Cardiology studies, a healthy breakfast can extend life. The chance of dying from heart disease rises when breakfast is skipped. The majority of people who skip breakfast are smokers, and the study found that they tend to eat unhealthy meals away from physical activity, according to a report posted on the NHS website. stronger than breakfast, too.
According to the analysis, skipping breakfast is associated with high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol. A nutritious breakfast is connected to a healthy heart. Death is brought on by severe vascular and heart disease.
A decent breakfast is what?
A healthy breakfast should be low in fat and contain lots of starch (carbohydrates). Wheat and barley porridge is the best food there is. Women must eat barley for breakfast if they want to keep healthy. An easy-to-digest meal is the ideal breakfast. A substantial breakfast of porridge is recommended for women who are concerned about gaining weight. It also aids with weight management.
Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and dinner like a pauper, advise the wise. In order to live a healthy life, have a healthy breakfast.
When it comes to breakfast, there are several things you should do, such as switching up your meal every day. For folks who eat a variety of breakfast foods, obesity can be a problem. It is evident that the cause of many issues is obesity. Make sure breakfast is healthful in the same manner. According to experts, patients with diabetes and high blood pressure should have a complete breakfast. They have a good chance of beating these two illnesses in a short amount of time. A breakfast high in protein reduces hormones that increase appetite, according to another study.
Some individuals make the error of skipping breakfast. There is no way to do this. You should examine your eating habits if you don’t feel hungry for breakfast. You need to eat something, even if you don’t feel particularly hungry. Give the body’s metabolism a chance to get to work, whether it’s an apple or a banana.
Breakfast should not be hurriedly consumed. A hurried breakfast has the drawback of making you eat too little. As a result, you will soon become hungry once more and will be forced to eat the undesirable items available in the market. On the other hand, chewing and swallowing food also harms the digestive system.
Another poor eating habit is having too many desserts at morning. Because cereal contains a lot of sugar, which makes a small amount fill the stomach while its sweetness raises blood sugar levels, eating cereal for breakfast increases the body’s sugar intake. Hunger soon returns, which causes many to turn to junk food.
Skim milk is sometimes served at breakfast. Consider it a sensible choice for your health. This is not true at all, though. For breakfast, regular milk is preferred; for other times of the day, fat-free milk should be used.
For breakfast, some individuals utilise taste country. Additionally, doing so is wrong. Because of their sweetness, flavour milks like almond, soy, or coconut milk utilised as a healthy substitute for ordinary milk will not be beneficial to the body. Unbeknownst to them, people produce more sweet body components in the form of flavouring.
Some people make an effort to avoid eating any protein or good fats during breakfast. This is a harmful habit as well. While good fats stop bloating and early hunger, protein gives the body energy. Breakfasts high in healthy fats and proteins, such as eggs, almonds, butter, and yoghurt, are beneficial to the body.
It’s improper to consume tea or coffee. Coffee and tea are both quite acidic for the body when consumed on an empty stomach, which may cause you to eat less breakfast during the day. In fact, it may impair one’s capacity to focus, maintain energy levels, and control appetite.
It is likewise incorrect to believe that coffee or tea have no calories. Unless you’re used to drinking tea or coffee without milk or sugar, both contain calories, carbs, and sugar. The amount of calories in these drinks considerably rises when milk, sugar, and other ingredients are added, which causes weight gain over the long run. Blood sugar levels can be regulated by substituting cinnamon for sugar.
If you usually drink canned fruit juices from the market for breakfast, consuming them offers you an initial feeling of energy since it contains sugar, but soon the blood sugar level lowers and it becomes less expensive. Rain begins to fall. Fruit consumption is preferable to juice.
Egg yolks are high in iron, vitamin B, and vitamin D, while egg whites provide a low-fat, low-calorie source of protein. There is no desire to eat. You should only consume five to eight eggs per week if you have cholesterol concerns. However, eggs are less likely to cause cholesterol levels to rise, according to medical science.
Avoiding coffee or tea that has been combined with fat and sugar is vital.
Similar to sugar, eating too much salt for breakfast is bad. Consuming too much salt makes the body retain water, which makes the stomach bloated.
The stomach may become gassy if you consume too much fibre in the morning. Drinking enough water will assist preserve good esophageal function if you ingest too much fibre.
A weakened immune system will not respond properly to the vaccination. This is especially true of the elderly and the chronically ill. Immunologists say that with age, the immune system “wears out” – explains prof. Piotr Trzonkowski, immunologist from the Medical University of Gdańsk.
Prof. Piotr Trzonkowski shared his thoughts during a debate organized by the Foundation for Polish Science entitled: “Why do properly vaccinated people sometimes suffer from COVID-19?”. He recalled the effect of aging – as a natural process that influences the effectiveness of medical treatments, including vaccination.
Immunologists say that as you age, your immune system “wears out”. As we age, we lose the thymus – the organ that produces T cells – responsible for cellular immunity in the body. They too help build immunity after vaccination.
He also mentioned another mechanism that regulates the response of the immune system – the so-called “The body’s pro-inflammatory readiness.”
Older people have a high level of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the body, responsible for the so-called “Cytokine storm”. If we were to compare a 20-year-old and an 80-year-old, the normal, physiological levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in an 80-year-old are so high that they would cause sepsis in a 20-year-old. So the willingness to enter a cytokine storm and hemorrhagic pneumonia after infection is much greater. These are the reasons why elderly people react poorly to vaccinations, and when they start to get sick, they get seriously ill “- explained the immunologist. He also recalled that the main role of the vaccine is to protect against hospitalization and death. “There has been a study conducted on 100-year-olds in Italy that showed the elderly get sick, but the vaccine – in this case the flu vaccine – protects them from dying. prof. Trzonkowski explained prof.
In his speech, the expert also discussed the cases of young people suffering from chronic diseases, whose immune system does not respond to vaccination.
Here the conditions are dictated by the nature of the disease. In some patients who are taking immunosuppressants, the immune system will not respond because the drugs stop it working. The immunologist said.
In turn, prof. Michał Witt, geneticist and molecular biologist, director of the Institute of Human Genetics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Poznań – points out that medicine has not found such drugs that would work 100%. Therefore, you should not expect 100%. the effectiveness of any vaccine.
Medicine has not found such drugs that would work 100 percent. We’d love to do that, but it hasn’t happened yet. We know that vaccines on the market have a limited mode of action. We know that the flu vaccine is 40-60 percent effective, the tetanus vaccine is 90 percent effective, and the pertussis vaccine is 70 percent effective. These ranges are different in each case. prof. Witt mentioned
He also added textbook information on genetics to help understand why everyone responds differently to medications and vaccinations.
Genetics says that each of us is different and each of us has a different equipment – a different genetic profile – also in terms of genes that determine immune resistance. Therefore, we react differently. You also have to take into account the lifestyle we are at and what other diseases we are struggling with. The immune system does not work the same all the time – it has its ups and downs – depending on how and what it is attacked (e.g. with other infections). Prof. Michał Witt said.
Source : Niezalezna.pl, PAP Mediaroom, Science in Poland
Everyone has experienced abdominal pain at one time or another. Organs that have to do with your digestion often cause problems. For example, your intestines or your stomach. It usually goes away on its own, but sometimes more research is needed to determine the cause of abdominal pain.
If you eat products that cause a lot of gas, such as beans, onions, cabbage and spicy dishes, you can experience flatulence, cramps and rumbling in your stomach. Stress also makes your gut go crazy. Stress hormones affect the production of stomach acid and intestinal peristalsis, causing your intestines to work too quickly. If your stool passes through the large intestine too quickly, you get diarrhea.
Due to incorrect nutrition, too little exercise, medicines, and stress, the intestinal contents sometimes pass through your intestine too slowly, making the stool hard. Such a blockage manifests itself in abdominal pain and bloating. Eating a lot of fiber, drinking water and exercising can help prevent constipation.
Food hypersensitivity If you are allergic to certain foods, you will suffer from skin, breathing or stomach complaints if you eat them anyway. Your immune system mistakes certain proteins in the food in question for invaders and therefore makes antibodies. These antibodies in turn cause the production of other substances, such as histamine, that cause the allergic symptoms.
If you experience bloating, flatulence or diarrhea after consuming dairy products, you may have lactose intolerance. Lactose is a sugar found in milk. Not everyone can digest it well, resulting in abdominal pain.
Appendicitis In the lower right corner of your abdomen is the cecum, a small, finger-shaped tissue pouch. If this appendage becomes inflamed, you often get a sudden, severe pain around the navel that later spreads to the lower right. Touching or letting go of the abdomen is painful and laughing and coughing also hurt. With appendicitis you can also suffer from fever and nausea. An inflamed appendix must be surgically removed.
Stomach flu Gastrointestinal infection is also popularly referred to as stomach flu. A bacteria, virus or parasite attacks the intestinal wall, causing diarrhea and abdominal cramps. If the infection is caused by eating spoiled food, we speak of food poisoning. Often you are also nauseous and you have to vomit. Drink enough small amounts so that you don’t become dehydrated. If you get hungry again, you can eat normally. The symptoms disappear on their own.
Chronic intestinal inflammation Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis both cause abdominal pain that is often accompanied by diarrhea and blood and mucus in the stool. In both conditions you have inflammation in the digestive tract. They are also called Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). In Crohn’s disease, inflammation occurs throughout the gastrointestinal tract: from mouth to anus. In ulcerative colitis, only the lining of the colon or rectum becomes inflamed.
The course differs greatly per patient, some people have occasional complaints, others have severe attacks. If you suffer from chronic intestinal inflammation, you run a slightly higher risk of developing colon cancer . Colon cancer also causes abdominal pain.
Stomach ulcer An ulcer is a type of wound in the protective layer of the stomach or duodenum, which causes you to feel severe pain in the top of your abdomen. Usually a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, is the cause of an ulcer , but you can also get one if you take certain pain relievers, such as NSAIDs and aspirin. It used to be thought that stress gives you an ulcer, but that is not the case. A stomach ulcer is treated with antacids and possibly antibiotics if the Helicobacter pylori is present in your stomach.
Irritable bowel syndrome If you have abdominal complaints, but nothing abnormal is discovered, your doctor can diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is common, about twice as common in women as in men. It is not medically serious, but it is very difficult. With IBS you have diarrhea or constipation or it varies. Stress worsens the symptoms.
Gallstones The liver produces bile, a fluid you need to burn fats. It enters the small intestine via the common bile duct and bile duct. It consists of water, cholesterol, fats, bile salts and bilirubin. If the bile becomes too thick or the mixture becomes out of balance, for example because your cholesterol is too high, hard crystals form: gallstones . Larger specimens can become trapped in the passageway between the gallbladder and small intestine. Gallstones give a severe pain in the upper abdomen, where you can not sit still.
Other bodies Not only your digestive system can cause abdominal pain, but also the liver, bladder, kidneys and in women the uterus and fallopian tubes. Inflammation can occur in various organs, such as liver inflammation or fallopian tube inflammation. In addition, your abdominal pain can be a sign of kidney stones, endometriosis or an (ectopic) pregnancy.
To the doctor Abdominal pain usually goes away on its own, but if that does not happen, it is wise to contact your doctor. Do the same if the stomach pain gets worse, if the pain worsens when you move, or if you can’t sit still because of the pain. If the abdominal pain is accompanied by fever, weight loss, blood and mucus in the stool , blood in the urine or black stools, go to the doctor.
Not a pregnant, nauseous woman who has not been advised to take ginger for nausea. In Chinese medicine, ginger has been known for centuries for its positive effect on the stomach and digestion. Ginger could also be beneficial for the flu and could even prevent colon cancer.
What exactly is ginger? Ginger is a tuber root of the ginger plant. It was used in the Middle Ages to flavor dishes. You don’t eat ginger neat, you do make dishes tastier with it. You can buy ginger as a fresh tuber, but also candied, as a powder, or as a syrup.
In Chinese medicine, ginger is known for its positive effect on digestion, the stomach area and the lungs. In addition, ginger is said to have an analgesic effect. In the meantime, it is no longer just Chinese medicine that believes in the beneficial effects of ginger. Several scientific studies have shown that ginger contains anti-inflammatory substances.
Research has shown that ginger can help prevent tumors from forming. Research from the University of Michigan shows that certain ingredients in ginger may play a role in the prevention of colon cancer. The first research results are favorable. Follow-up research should show whether this is actually the case. In addition, taking a ginger supplement brought a number of side effects such as flatulence, heartburn, and stomach upset.
In addition, ginger appears to be effective in diabetes. Australian scientists at the University of Sydney discovered that ginger keeps blood glucose under control. The root tuber appears to be able to increase glucose uptake in muscle cells independently of insulin. This too needs to be further researched.
What ginger certainly helps against is nausea and the flu. Ginger is often used to alleviate these complaints. Add freshly grated ginger to other foods or have a glass of ginger tea or ginger beer.
Research has also shown that ginger helps with migraines . Sumatriptan, a migraine drug, was compared to one-eighth of a teaspoon of ginger powder. It turned out that the ginger works just as well and just as quickly as the medicine. In addition, twenty percent of the drug suffered from side effects such as heart palpitations, dizziness and heartburn, while only one in twenty-five people indicated that they had some stomach problems with the ginger powder. Not a bad outcome, if only because an eighth of a teaspoon is much cheaper than the medicine.
Ginger also seems to help with menstrual pain . In one study, women were given a quarter of a teaspoon of ginger powder three times during the first three days of their period. On a scale of 1 to 10, this group’s pain decreased from seven to five, while the group receiving a placebo noticed no change. Even one-eighth of a teaspoon of ginger powder reduced the pain from eight to six. In the end, ginger powder was compared to ibuprofen and yes, the ginger worked just as well.
When buying ginger, make sure that the tubers are firm and not dried out. If there are suckers on the tubers, that’s no problem. You can use that, but the taste is less strong. You can store fresh ginger in an open plastic bag in the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator for about two to three weeks. Candied ginger and ginger powder can be stored for months.