Stones in the gallbladder : symptoms of cholelithiasis

Stones in the gallbladder statistically appear much more often (up to 3 times) in women than in men. The disease can be asymptomatic for a long time. It happens that unexpectedly and suddenly there is a very strong abdominal pain.

Stones in the gallbladder : symptoms

The main symptom of stones in the gallbladder is severe and acute abdominal pain. This is biliary colic. The pain associated with it usually begins after heavy, fatty meals or after greater physical exertion. It is felt in the upper abdomen and radiates all the way to the right shoulder blade.

It is accompanied by nausea and a feeling of bitterness in the mouth. Most often, the pain disappears spontaneously, only to return after some time (even after a few months) as unexpectedly as it appeared.

What should be done in case of an attack of biliary colic?
It helps to apply a spasmodic agent (No-spa, Buscopan) and apply a warm hot water bottle.
For some time (2-4 weeks) after each meal, it is worth taking preparations supporting the secretion of bile (eg Cholestil, Artecholin, Cholitol).

When colic attacks recur, you should always contact your family doctor. He usually orders an abdominal ultrasound examination and on its basis decides on further proceedings. Most often, he proposes to remove the entire follicle along with the stones in it.

Causes Stones in the gallbladder

They are much more common in women. It has to do with female hormones. Progesterone weakens the contractility of the gallbladder and makes it difficult to remove bile from the bile ducts. In turn, estrogen causes bile to thicken. In addition, stones in the gallbladder are also much more common in women over 40 years of age.

Other factors that favor the development of stones in the gallbladder:

  • overweight and obesity,
  • genetic burden
  • diabetes,
  • use of hormonal contraception,
  • liver failure
  • hormonal disorders
  • short bowel syndrome
  • restrictive diets leading to large weight loss

Treatment of stones in the gallbladder

At the moment, in most cases, the gallbladder is excised using the laparoscopy method. What is the operation?

The doctor places three tubes in the navel and in two small incisions (in the upper part of the epigastric region and on the right side of the trunk, just below the ribs).

He introduces through them the tips of surgical instruments and a telescope with optical fiber, illuminating the field of view and transmitting the image to the monitor.

It excises the entire gallbladder. The treatment takes about 30-40 minutes. Importantly, there are very few contraindications to carry out such an operation. This method is not used only in women in the first trimester of pregnancy, people with cirrhosis of the liver. What is very important, the patient’s carcass does not matter here, which in the case of traditional surgery was a big problem.

After 24 hours after the end of the operation, you can return home, and after a few days to normal activities


Liver Cirrhosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

The liver is the largest internal organ in our bodies, and diseases like liver cirrhosis are dangerous as it performs a disproportionately large number of critical functions. Its primary function is metabolism, which converts food into substances that our bodies can use. It is also a detoxification organ, which renders toxic byproducts harmless and excretes them in the urine or bile.

The liver is vulnerable to aging processes, excessive alcohol consumption, and hepatitis virus infections, which can lead to scarring and inoperable liver tissue. This is known as liver cirrhosis, and more information about symptoms, causes, treatment, and risk factors can be found here.

The liver and its functions

The liver is the largest and heaviest internal organ in the human body, able to regenerate itself. It is wedge-shaped and located in the right upper abdomen, just below the diaphragm. In certain liver diseases, it can be felt without breathing exercises. The liver takes on essential tasks in metabolic processes and serves as an energy store, allowing us to bridge more than 24 hours without food.

  • The metabolism of food components into fats, sugar and proteins in usable form
  • The formation of hormones (transmitters) and cell components, for example from cholesterol
  • The storage of vitamins, proteins, dietary fats and carbohydrates
  • The detoxification of foreign substances and toxins in food, medicines or alcohol
  • The formation of important blood proteins and blood clotting components
  • The production of bile acid to digest fats

Liver cirrhosis: definition

Cirrhosis of the liver is a serious disease that can be fatal in the worst case. It begins with the accumulation of toxic substances that damage tissues, leading to acute liver inflammation and chronic liver inflammation. This leads to decompensated liver cirrhosis, where scarring is already advanced and the risk of liver cancer is greatly increased. The most common causes of death are liver cancer, bleeding from the stomach and esophagus, and liver failure. An estimated one million people in Germany suffer from cirrhosis of the liver, with the frequency of this organ change being greater in obese people than in people of normal weight. Men are affected twice as often as women.

Liver cirrhosis : causes

There are several risk factors that can lead to liver disease. The most common liver cirrhosis causes in Germany are the following:

  • Chronic viral hepatitis accounts for about 25 to 30 percent of cirrhosis cases. It is caused by hepatitis A to E viruses.
  • Alcohol abuse is the most common trigger, accounting for 50 to 60 percent of cirrhosis cases.
  • In addition to these two main causes , diabetes mellitus , fatty liver , various metabolic diseases , medications such as methotrexate, or toxins such as carbon tetrachloride and arsenic can also lead to cirrhosis of the liver.

Cirrhosis of the Liver: Symptoms

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver is not properly supplied with blood, leading to increased blood pressure in the portal vein. The symptoms of cirrhosis include decreased toxin production, reduced coagulation, and increased blood pressure.

  • Severe itching , a typical liver cirrhosis weight loss or jaundice
  • Those affected often feel defeated, tired and less productive
  • feeling of fullness or pressure in the area above the navel is heard
  • Liver skin signs: Total white discoloration of the nails , noticeably reddened lips and clearly red colored pads of the little finger and thumb
  • In the advanced stage, hepatic encephalopathy, increased blood pressure , impaired blood clotting , yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, erectile dysfunction and edema in the legs and fever occur

It should be noted, however, that cirrhosis of the liver can often only cause symptoms after many years or even decades. Therefore, if you have symptoms from the list above, consult a doctor as early as possible, as irreversible damage can be pre

Life expectancy with cirrhosis

The severity of the liver damage in cases of cirrhosis, among other things, influences the prognosis. Patients with compensated cirrhosis have a 47% chance of surviving for 10 years (assuming no significant problems arise). In decompensated cirrhosis, the 5-year survival rate is around 16%, and the 10-year survival rate is extremely poor. Unfortunately, many patients learn about the condition only after complications have occurred.

Cirrhosis prognosis can be predicted using the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) scale, which includes indications including bilirubin, albumin, ascites, and others.

Read More at Munaeem’s Blog

Ways to regenerate the liver. How to rebuild this important organ?

The liver has a unique ability to rebuild itself. To stimulate the liver to regenerate, it is worth reaching for liver preparations, e.g. based on phospholipids, turmeric, artichoke extract or other ingredients supporting the repair of this organ. A proper diet is also crucial in rebuilding the liver.

The liver has a remarkable capacity to repair and regenerate itself. It is worthwhile to seek for liver preparations, such as those made with phospholipids, turmeric, artichoke extract, or any of the other components that aid in the regeneration of this organ, in order to stimulate the liver to begin the process of regenerating itself. A healthy diet is also essential to the process of repairing the liver.

Photo by Anna Tarazevich on


How do I protect the liver from diseases?

The liver is the most important organ in the body. It breaks down food, stores energy, and gets rid of harmful substances. But different habits or the passing of time can expose the liver to different diseases and raise the risk of other life-threatening diseases, such as viruses like hepatitis A, B, and C. World Liver Day is held on April 19 every year to bring attention to liver diseases. If you want to keep your liver from getting sick, you should do these things.

Protect your liver

Keep calm

It is very important to be able to handle your stress. If you have it, your body makes more of a hormone called adrenaline, which the liver has to work hard to get rid of.

Adequate sleep

Make sure you get 7 hours of sleep every day as the liver needs a lot of rest to protect it from diseases.

Stay active

If you sit for a long time, you should be ready for your liver to get bigger or get sick. Physical activity, like walking at least 10,000 steps a day, on the other hand, lowers the risk of liver disease by 20%.

Excessive use of water

Dehydration affects many parts of the body, including how the liver works. Having 8 to 10 glasses of water a day helps the liver clean itself, which is a very important part of keeping it healthy and free of diseases.

Food health

Less consumption of junk food and more consumption of foods rich in omega-3 acids is essential for liver health. fights against inflammation.

Commodity use

Cut back on sugar, white flour, and processed foods. Instead, eat more vegetables, fruits, and grains, which not only protect against diseases like diabetes and obesity, but also keep the liver healthy. Do you know what kind of food can hurt the liver?

Foods rich in fat

Salt is important for the body, but not as much as most people eat. High-salt diets can cause the early stages of liver disease, which is easy to avoid if you don’t eat too much salt. In the same way, processed foods have a lot of salt, which is bad for your liver.

Chips and bakery items

If you like chips and baked snacks, you should know that they are full of sugar, salt, and fat, all of which are bad for you. There are other things to do. This article is meant to give you general information. In this case, readers should also talk to their doctors.

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