In the second half of their cycle, particularly the week leading up to their period, many women experience changes in their physical and psychological well-being. When symptoms are severe, a person’s ability to function is obviously compromised. The symptoms appear during the first few days of the period and then vanish, suggesting premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Each symptom is very unique, and they don’t always manifest in the same way throughout a cycle. Among the symptoms experienced by those who are affected are indigestion, water retention, sleep disorders, and muscle or headache pain. Additionally, mood swings from irritability to depression happen.
The cause of PMS is not fully understood. Apparently, the hormonal fluctuations during the female cycle play a role. Other connections are discussed.
Correctly interpreting complaints with PMS
Doctors recommend doing a thorough body examination and keeping a symptom and cycle diary. There are now numerous apps that enable fast, digital documentation, and the evaluation shows which symptoms are associated with the menstrual cycle. Data protection is particularly important, and tips on this can be found in the article “Data protection is feasible: Tips for using smartwatches and health apps safely”.
What options are there for PMS treatment?
PMS is frequently treated with dietary supplements and herbal preparations. However, their impact is frequently not sufficiently supported by science. Therefore, before using it, women should consult their doctor.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can cause physical and emotional symptoms that can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications. Lifestyle changes include reducing salt and caffeine intake, exercising regularly, getting enough rest, and practicing stress-reducing exercises. Medications include antidepressants, NSAIDs, and diuretics. Natural remedies include herbal teas and homeopathic remedies. It is important to speak with a healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or medication.
The pill can stop menstrual cramps
Hormones can be used to stop symptoms, such as mood swings, sexual reluctance, and an increased risk of thrombosis. Preparations with a proportion of estrogen and progestin are particularly suitable. Hormone rings and patches have the same effect, but the hormone spiral is usually not suitable. It is important to weigh up whether a hormone preparation is the drug of choice with the gynecologist, as these drugs can lead to mood swings, sexual reluctance, and an increased risk of thrombosis.
Psychological complaints in the foreground
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is the most severe form of PMS and affects up to 8% of women. It is caused by extreme irritability and depression before menses, and can be treated with the contraceptive pill and antidepressants from the serotonin reuptake inhibitors group. Psychotherapy can also help to accept the predisposition and manage it well in everyday life.
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